Author Guidelines

Author Guidelines

Journal of Linguistics, Culture, and Communication Author Guidelines

   General Organization of the Paper ¬ 12pt, Cambria

 Information to help prepare the Title Page

This should include the title, authors' names and affiliations, and a complete address for the corresponding Author, including telephone and e-mail addresses. The paper's title should be written in Cambria, 14pt, Bold, Justify, and align left) and can be written in English or Bahasa Indonesia.

The paper will be published in Journal of Linguistics, Culture, and Communication after the peer-reviewed process and decided "Accepted" by Editor. The final paper layout will be reproduced by the Editorial Office of Journal of Linguistics, Culture, and Communication. The final paper layout in PDF type, known as "Uncorrected Proof," should be corrected by Author. The final corrected proof will be published first in the "Article in Press" pre-issue.

According to Engelmore and Morgan [1], manuscript content should, in general, be organized in the following order: Title; Authors Name; Authors Affiliation; Abstract; Keywords; Introduction; Materials and Methods; Results and Discussion; Conclusions; Acknowledgments; and References. The manuscript document submitted to this journal (in one MS Word or PDF file) should be arranged as follow:


  1. a)      Body text of the manuscript article (from Title to References, along with tables and figures)
  2. b)      Figure Captions and Table Captions
  3. c)      Figures (one figure per page)
  4. d)     Tables (one table per page)

Section Headings

Three levels of heading are allowed as follows:

  • Level 1 (Heading1 format) - 12pt, Cambria bold, left justified
  • Level 2 (Heading2 format) - 12pt, Cambria bold, left justified
  • Level 3 (Heading3 format) - 12pt, Cambria bold italic, left justified.

Body Text

The body of the text is a set of body text paragraphs defined as follows:

  • 12pt Cambria
  • One-half space, defined as 12pt
  • Spacing after the heading is 3pt
  • Spacing before the new heading is 12pt
  • Indentation for the first line is 1 cm.


Bullet and numbering within body text are not allowed. All sentences should be typed as descriptive paragraph format.


Tables are sequentially numbered with the table title and number above the table. Tables should be centered in the column OR on the page. Tables should be followed by a line space (12pt). Elements of a table should be single-spaced, however, double spacing can be used to show groupings of data or to separate parts within the table.  Table headings should be in 10pt bold. Tables are referred to in the text by the table number. eg: Table 1. Do not show vertical line in the table. There is only a horizontal line that should be shown within the table.


Figures are sequentially numbered, commencing at 1 with the figure title and number below the figure as shown in Figure 1. Detailed recommendations for figures are as follows:

  • Ensure that figures are clear and legible with typed letterings.
  • Black & white or colored figures are allowed.
  • If a figure spans two columns, it should be placed at the top or bottom of a page.
  • Hard copy illustrations should, preferably, be scanned and included in the electronic version of the submission in an appropriate format as follows:

-     BMP - Microsoft bitmap file

-     WMF - Windows Metafile Format

-     EPS - Encapsulated Postscript

  • If figures cannot be scanned, the original should be placed in its location within the manuscript using wax or colorless glue.
  • The following files are permissible:

-     Microsoft Graph

-     Microsoft Draw

Figure 1 shows an included Microsoft Draw object.

 Results and Discussion

Manuscript Heading, Font, and Spacing ¬ 12pt, Cambria italics

The manuscript should be typed using word processors (Microsoft Word or Open Office) software. The font used throughout the paper is Cambria. The paper size is A4 (i.e., 210 x 297 mm), Lines are one-half spaced, and justified. Page numbers should be included in the text located in the footer section of each page.

 Manuscripts submitted to this journal should follow the heading below, except for the review article: Title; Authors Name; Authors Affiliation; Abstract; Keywords; Introduction; Methods; Results & Discussion; Conclusions; and References

 Paper Title

This is your opportunity to attract the reader's attention. Remember that readers are the potential authors who will cite your article. Identify the main issue of the paper. Begin with the subject of the paper. The title should be accurate, unambiguous, specific, and complete. Do not contain infrequently-used abbreviations.  The title of the paper should be in 14 pt bold Cambria.

 Authors' Name and Affiliations

Write Author(s) names without title and professional positions such as Prof, Dr, Production Manager, etc. Do not abbreviate your last/family name. Always give your First and Last names. Write clear affiliation of all Authors. Affiliation includes name of department/unit, (faculty), name of the university, address, and country.

Author names should be in 12 pt Cambria bold.  Author affiliations should be in 12 pt Cambria.

 Abstract and Keywords

The Abstract should stand alone, meaning there is no citation in the abstract. Consider it the advertisement of your article. The Abstract should tell the prospective reader what you did and highlight the key findings. Avoid using technical jargon and uncommon abbreviations. The Abstract should be in one paragraph. The font is Cambria New Roman, 12 pt, italic, and justify. The abstract is 200-250 words, followed by 3-5 keywords. The Abstract should briefly describe your entire paper. It comprises the purposes of the research, method, and findings. Keywords are the labels of your manuscript and are critical to correct indexing and searching. Therefore, the keywords should represent the content and highlight of your article. Use only those abbreviations that are firmly established in the field. A semicolon should separate each word/phrase in keyword (;), not a comma (,).


In the Introduction, the Authors should state the objectives of the work at the end of the introduction section. Before the purpose, the Authors should provide an adequate background and a concise literature survey to record the existing solutions/method, to show which is the best of previous research, to show the main limitation of the previous research, to show what do you hope to achieve (to solve the limitation), and to show the scientific merit or novelties of the paper. Avoid a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results. Do not describe literature survey as Author by Author, but should be presented as a group per method or topic reviewed which refers to some literature.

This section discusses the purposes of the study or research problems, the contribution to knowledge, and the research gap. Please state them clearly in the beginning paragraph, supported by related theories in the next paragraphs.

INTRODUCTION to CONCLUSION should be 4.000 – 5.250 words.

 Research Methods

Materials and methods should make readers able to reproduce the experiment. Provide sufficient detail to allow the work to be reproduced. A reference should indicate methods already published; only relevant modifications should be described. Do not repeat the details of established methods.

This section explains the rationale for applying specific approaches, methods, procedures, or techniques used to identify, select, and analyze information applied to understand the research problem/project, thereby allowing the readers to critically evaluate your project’s overall validity and reliability.

 Results and Discussion

Results should be clear and concise. The results should summarize (scientific) findings rather than provide data in great detail. Please highlight the differences between your results or findings and the previous publications by other researchers. The discussion should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.

 The discussion is written to interpret and describe the significance of your findings in light of what was already known about the issues being investigated and to explain any new understanding or insights about the problem after you have taken the findings into consideration. It should connect to the Introduction by way of the research questions or hypotheses you posed and the literature you reviewed, but it does not simply repeat or rearrange the Introduction; this section should always explain how your study has moved the reader's understanding of the research problem forward from where you left them at the end of the Introduction.

 The research findings in the form of research data are further discussed or critically interpreted with a particular relevant theoretical approach. Data can also be supported with the presentation of tables, images, etc. Captions for the table is written above it with sequenced numbering so that it can be easily referred to, though not put under the pointing sentence/ paragraph. Line (border) to the table is made minimalist by eliminating the vertical lines and leaving horizontal lines deemed necessary. Captions for images are placed below the picture, also providing sequenced numbering. One page only accommodates a table or an image with a maximum of two-thirds the size of the page (size adjusted as efficiently as possible).

 In discussion, it is the most essential section of your article. Here you get the chance to sell your data. Make the discussion correspond to the results, but do not reiterate the results. Often should begin with a summary of the leading scientific findings (not experimental results). The following components should be covered in the discussion: How do your results relate to the original question or objectives outlined in the Introduction section (what)? Do you provide an interpretation scientifically for each of your results or findings presented (why)? Are your results consistent with what other investigators have reported (So what or What else)? Or are there any differences?


Conclusions should only answer the objectives of the research. Tells how your work advances the field from the present state of knowledge. Without clear Conclusions, reviewers and readers will find it difficult to judge the work, and whether or not it merits publication in the journal. Do not repeat the Abstract or just list experimental results. Provide a clear scientific justification for your work, and indicate possible applications and extensions. It would be best if you also suggested future experiments and/or pointed out those underways.


Cite the main scientific publications on which your work is based. Cite only items that you have read. Do not inflate the manuscript with too many references. Avoid excessive self‐citations. Avoid excessive citations of publications from the same region. Check each reference against the original source (Author's name, volume, issue, year, DOI Number). Please use Reference Manager Applications like EndNote, Mendeley, Zotero, etc. Use other published articles in the same journal as models.

 REFERENCES ← 12pt, Cambria bold   (should use APA 7th referencing styleReferences Should be Typed in Alphabetical Order, Cambria Font size of heading 12, 1,5 spaced, and the minimum requirement is 20 references and it is suggested to use reference software like Mendeley or Zotero)

 Fletcher, D. P. (2018). Disrupters: Success strategies from women who break the mold. Entrepreneur Press.

Hernández-Romero, L. (2017). Re-evaluating creativity: The individual, society, and education. Palgrave Macmillan.

 Haile, L., Gallagher, M., & Robertson, R. J. (2015). Perceived exertion laboratory manual: From standard practice to contemporary application. Springer. https://doi-org/10.1007/978-1-4939-1917-8

Marion, T., Reese, V., & Wagner, R. F. (2018). Dermatologic features in good film characters who turn evil: The transformation. Dermatology Online Journal, 24(9), Article 4.

Mosek, E. (2017). Team flow: The missing piece in performance [Doctoral dissertation, Victoria University]. Victoria University Research Repository.

Perry, S. M. (Ed.). (2018). Maximizing social science research through publicly accessible data sets. IGI Global.

Ruxton, C. (2016). Tea: Hydration and other health benefits. Primary Health Care, 26(8), 34-42.

Shah, T. H. (2018). Big data analytics in higher education. In S. M. Perry (Ed.), Maximizing social science research through publicly accessible data sets (pp. 38-61). IGI Global.

Yudhanto, S. . H., Risdianto, F., & Artanto, A. T. (2023). Cultural and Communication Approaches in the Design of Visual Communication Design Works. Journal of Linguistics, Culture and Communication1(1), 79–90.